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Water analysis

Knowlegde defines presupposition

Drinking water quality standards describes the quality parameters set for drinking water. Despite the truth that every human on this planet needs drinking water to survive and that water may contain many harmful constituents, there are no universally recognized and accepted international standards for drinking water. Even where standards do exist, and are applied, the permitted concentration of individual constituents may vary by as much as ten times from one set of standards to another.
Many developed countries specify standards to be applied in their own country. In Europe, this includes the European Drinking Water Directive and in the United States the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) establishes standards as required by the Safe Drinking Water Act. For countries without a legislative or administrative framework for such standards, the World Health Organisation publishes guidelines on the standards that should be achieved. China adopted its own drinking water standard GB3838-2002 (Type II) enacted by Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2002.
Where drinking water quality standards do exist, most are expressed as guidelines or targets rather than requirements, and very few water standards have any legal basis or, are subject to enforcement. Two exceptions are the European Drinking Water Directive and the Safe Drinking Water Act in the USA, which require legal compliance with specific standards.
In Europe, this includes a requirement for member states to enact appropriate local legislation to mandate the directive in each country. Routine inspection and, where required, enforcement is enacted by means of penalties imposed by the European Commission on non-compliant nations.
Countries with guideline values as their standards include Canada, which has guideline values for a relatively small suite of parameters. In New Zealand and Australia, where there is a legislative basis, water providers have to make "best endeavours" to comply with the standards.
However, if you ask for these guidelines in some countries, it appears that there are no standards on the vast majority of pollutants or polluters. You should therefore examine these yourself and you can do this at a recognized and independent laboratory. Note that you must pay for it yourself. It is wise to ask a price first, before you take these steps.

Pharmaceuticals or medicines end up in our watercourses because people flush them, and because the medication we take is not completely absorbed by our body and thus enters our urine. When we flush our toilet, the previously taken medication also goes into the sewage water. This wastewater will be purified in your drinking water company and thus comes back to you. Unfortunately, during that purification it is impossible to anticipate those products, due to budgetary and environmental reasons. For example, the drinking water contains a series of products, the most common of which are antidepressants - antibiotics - beta-blockers - glucocorticoids - anti-fungal products and antiviral drugs, according to EPA. The long-term effect of all these products or their mixture is unknown. We do see more and more antibiotics-resistant bacteria in Europe and other parts of the world.

Endocrine Disruptors occur in various forms. The most common are parabens, UV filters, phthalates and bisphenols. Parabens are often used in cosmetics and other beauty products that are simply sold over the counter. It is also used in other products such as shampoo and toothpaste.
Parabens zorgen er voor dat de houdbaarheid en de werkzaamheid van vele schoonheids-en verzorgingsproducten drastisch verbeterd wordt. Ze zorgen ervoor dat producten niet in de winkelrekken bederven of kapot gaan wanneer ze bij ons in de kast staan. Ze zijn gekend om het risico op borstkanker te vergroten, anderzijds hebben ze ook een negatieve invloed op huidveroudering en allergieën. Sommige medische onderzoekers geloven dat parabenen de werking van een gezond endocrien systeem negatief beïnvloeden. Iedereen die gebruik maakt van producten met parabenen in schoonheids- en huidverzorgingsproducten moet zich bewust zijn van de mogelijke gevolgen.
UV filtersfind their application in sun cream and are related to a hormone disrupting effect.
Phtalates and bisphenolscan be found in plastic and serve as plasticizers. It are these plasticizers that are the first to release when plastic decomposes; after all, plastic becomes brittle and disintegrates into smaller and smaller particles, also called microplastics. These plasticizers also disrupt the hormone system and increase the risk of a number of cancers. They find their way in our drinking water through the same way as pharmaceuticals.

The video below gives you a good understanding of persistent endocrine disrupting chemicals:

For an extensive study we refer you to the report of the World Health Organization Study of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals

Asbestos fibers: despite the fact that health concerns have prompted more than 50 countries to restrict or ban the use of asbestos since the early 1970s, others continue to mine and consume the toxic mineral in alarming quantities. Supported for decades by aggressive industry campaigns, the popularity of asbestos is currently rising in developing nations where affordable, mass-produced building materials are in high demand. It has also been used globally to build pipes (concrete with asbestos) for water companies, so they could build a piping network to provide their clients with potable water.
But the affordability of asbestos does not come without costs — namely in human lives. Although supporters contest the toxicity of chrysotile (white) asbestos when used under controlled conditions, countless studies have linked exposure of any type or dose to an increased risk for asbestos-related diseases, including mesothelioma.
WHO argues that the best way to eliminate these diseases is to stop mining and using the mineral. According to a 2017 report from the U.S. Geological Survey, Russia, Brazil and China led asbestos mine production in 2015 and 2016. Brazil announced a ban of the production, distribution and use of asbestos in 2017.
Although there is sufficient research into the consequences of inhaling asbestos, the research material is scarce about swallowing these fibers. Nevertheless, multiple studies suggest a connection with stomach and colon cancer. Crocidolite is the most dangerous asbestos type; the fiber size is only 0.08μm. There are still no standards on this product in our drinking water with the exception Italy and the USA with respectivily 1 and 7 million fibers per liter.

Per-fluor-alkoxy-polymers find their use in the chemical industry. The most known form is perfluorooctanoic acid, or C8, and it is an important step in the development towards Teflon. Despite the fact that we do not make this material as a human being ourselves, most people already have the substance in their bodies since birth. As a mother you pass this product through the womb. During the rest of our lives, this matter accumulates in our bodies. Since 1961 the health risk has been proven beyond doubt, but now there are still no standards on this product in our drinking water. It gives a rise in kidney cancer, birth defects, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, thyroid diseases and chronic intestinal inflammation.

Plastics are unquestionably one of the biggest polluters in our environment. From bags and packaging to a massive amount of plastic bottles, everyone contributes unconsciously or unintentionally to the growth of this environmental pollution. There is a need to be aware of the consequences of this long-lasting pollution. Plastic is slowly but surely breaking off! It leaks, as it were, substances in the soil and in our water. Abundantly present angry offenders are polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Every year, 300 million tons of plastic are produced, of which only 20 percent are recycled. Since 1950 we have produced 8300 million tons of plastic. //Read study here//. A quick calculation tells us that if we continue this way until 2050, we will have created 12 billion tons of plastic waste.
Watch the video below for a better understanding

  • Millions of marine mammals and birds die every year from plastic poisoning.
  • Every day, 5,500 particles of microplastic per inhabitant disappear in our potable water.
  • Every year 12 million tons of plastic are still being dumped into the sea.

Consequences for our health

When we ask about the consequences for our health when swallowing microplastics, we get a big shrug. What isn’t known doesn’t matter? The biggest consensus we find is when we swallow plastic which can clog our blood vessels, which in turn can lead to strokes and heart disease. Plastic is also a well-known endocrine disruptor. With a regular intake (for example by drinking water), plastic disrupts our endocrine effect – the thyroid gland and adrenal cortex are extremely sensitive. It could well be that in our body the microplastics dissolve further in nanoplastics. For the possible consequences of this, we are still looking in the dark. What we do notice is that people are more and more sensitive to polyps.

So, to view water as drinkable while it is full of plastic, is to say the least, very briefly through the bend.

Is bottled water the solution?

No. Our tap water is indeed undergoing a difficulty in purifying microplastics from the wastewater. More than half of them slither through the water treatment plants. With that, one could decide that using tap water for drinking and/or cooking is not an interesting option. Buying bottled water to remedy this problem is unfortunately even less intelligent. Firstly, it is much more expensive as tap water, but also contributes to the vicissitudes of plastic pollution. According to a large study by the University of New York - department geology and environment - - 93% of the bottled water also contains plastics. 95% of the found plastics were microplastics and the quality varied significantly, even per bottle of the same brand and of the same pallet! A water purification system under your sink, on the other hand, can offer a solution against plastic and is also ecologically appropriate.

Gas chromatography (GC) is a widely used way to selectively separate the substances in a gas or a liquid. It is a very reliable means of knowing the qualitative (nature of the substance) and quantitative (quantity of the substance) composition of a mixture. In a gas chromatograph, a mixture to be tested is injected into a column. The mixture is transported through a mobile phase or carrier gas and, depending on the molecular composition, it adheres to the stationary phase (a substance on the wall of the column). Each molecule has a different affinity for the stationary phase and comes out of the column at a different time. The molecules are detected on a detector and read on a chromatogram. The retention time is an important indication for the nature of the substance.

In some countries the water quality is checked and monitored daily by the various water companies on different parameters, both chemical and microbiological. Yet more and more people wonder whether this is sufficient. Pharmaceuticals such as antidepressants, antibiotics, glucocorticoids, beta-blockers and painkillers are increasingly more common in drinking water. And what about the influence of about 800 different persistent hormone disruptors, as described in the World Health Organization report? Our society is evolving and so is our environment. However, this may not impose a restriction on your employees or your family. Do you have any questions concerning previously purchased water treatment equipment, well water, tap water or bottled water? ChemCell is happy to assist you with professional analyzes and advice.